New Education Policy 2020 has been unveiled by the Government of India. It is expected to be implemented in 2022. There is so much to discuss on NEP 2020 but what will the implication of NEP on Divyang Students? In this short article, we will try to find out the answer.
What is the definition of Divyang?
Indian Prime Minister suggested that a disabled person should not be called as physical handicapped. He should be called as Divyang i.e. ‘Divine Body’. A child born with some abnormalities should not be referred as handicapped now. He will be considered as a special child.
In Indian school system, these students are often referred as Children with special needs i.e. CWSN.
In year 2007, India ratified United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) provision of Inclusive Education as a fundamental right for every disabled child.
In an amendment in Right to Education Act in 2012, there is a provision for admission for Children with special needs at neighborhood schools. It also suggests home-based education as per the condition of the student.
Later in 2016, Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPWD) and its provisions allows admission of CWSN in a neighborhood school or in a special school.
Now what is the difference and policy contention?
RTE ‘Right to Education’ has no provision of special schools and RPWD ‘Rights of Persons with Disabilities’ has no provision of Home Based Education. There is a sharp contrast in both the acts.
What NEP has offered?
Hence as far as ambiguity of school choice is concerned, National Education Policy 2020 attempts to resolve the matter. It is stating all three choice.
- Special Schools
- Neighborhood Schools
- Home Based Education
NEP 2020 not only suggests strengthening the existing school infrastructure for divyang students but also suggests induction of training and recruitment of special educators to fulfill the educational needs of Divyang students.
There is lots more to write – comment to raise queries and issues related to this topic.